People with disabilities are 4 to 10 times more likely to become a victim of violence, abuse, or neglect than individuals without disabilities.1 While there is less concrete information about the victimization of individuals who have had a traumatic brain injury (TBI),2 the cognitive, physical, behavioral, and emotional impairments […]
What is a Brain Injury?
Brain injuries that occur after birth and are not hereditary, congenital, or degenerative are called acquired brain injuries (ABI).1 ABIs can be obtained through a variety of mechanisms, such as stroke, tumor, infection, and reduced oxygen to the brain. ABIs can also be […]
Why is setting boundaries important?
In addition to the physical changes that may occur as a result of a brain injury, the effects of brain injury can also be seen in the emotional and cognitive domains. After a brain injury, you may find that your thoughts move […]
Understanding TBI as developed by Thomas Novack, PhD and Tamara Bushnik, PhD in collaboration with the University of Washington Model System Know-ledge Translation Center. Portions of this document were adapted from materials developed by the Uni-versity of Alabama TBIMS, JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, Baylor Institute for Rehabilitation, […]
Mindstorms: Living with Traumatic Brain Injury by John W. Cassidy
Head injury (The Facts) by Audrey Daisley
Successfully Surviving a Brain Injury: A Family Guidebook, From the Emergency Room to Selecting a Rehabilitation Facility by Garry Prowe
A brain injury can change the way people feel or express emotions. An individual with TBI can have several types of emotional problems.
Some people may experience emotions very quickly and intensely but with very little lasting effect. For example, they may […]
Cognitive Problems after TBI was developed by Dawn Neumann, PhD and Anthony Lequerica, PhD, in collaboration with the University of Washington Model Sys-tems Knowledge Translation Center.
Portions of this document were adapted from materials developed by the Rocky Mountain Regional Brain Injury System, the UAB TBI Model […]
Alcohol Use After Traumatic Brain Injury was developed by Charles Bombardier, PhD, in collaboration with the University of Washington Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center.
Alcohol use and TBI are closely related. Up to two-thirds of people with TBI have a history of alcohol abuse or risky […]
Returning to School after TBI was developed by Paul Wehman, PhD, and Pam Targett, M. Ed., in collaboration with the University of Washington Model Systems Knowled ge Translation Center. Portions of this document were adapted from materials developed by Baylor Institute for Rehabilitation and Mayo Clinic TBI […]
Couples’ Relationships After Traumatic Brain Injury was developed by Emilie Godwin, Ph.D., Jeffrey Kreutzer, Ph.D., and Stephanie Kolakowsky-Hayner, Ph.D., in collaboration with the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center.
The recovery from an injury can be a long and challenging process. You are likely to interact with a number of providers during this time. The providers on your treatment team may include primary care physicians, physiatrists, nurses, therapists, psychologists, and psychiatrists amongst others. Having good communication […]
When a loved one has a change in health and ability, it can be scary. You may find yourself acting as their caregiver. Being a caregiver, may create feelings of stress and loneliness. If you or your loved one is a member of […]
Driving after TBI was developed by Thomas Novack, PhD and Eduardo Lopez, MD in collaboration with the University of Washington Model Systems Know-ledge Translation Center. Portions of this document were adapted from materials developed by the University of Alabama TBI MS and JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute TBI […]
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. The damage can be focal (confined to one area of the brain) or diffuse (involving more than one area of the brain). A TBI can be a closed or penetrating injury. […]
Robert P. Lehr, Jr., Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine,
Southern Illinois University
In traumatic brain injury the brain may be injured in a specific location or the injury may be diffused to many different parts of the brain. It is this indefinite nature of brain […]
Often lumped under the label of “Coma” are three stages of disordered consciousness. Disorders of Consciousness (DOC) are a set of disorders that effect a person’s ability to be awake. DOC includes coma, the vegetative state (VS) and the minimally conscious state (MCS). […]
Aquatic therapy entails the use of a pool environment to carry out physical rehabilitation programs. It could be thought of as an extension of physical therapy, occupational therapy and therapeutic recreation. Aquatic therapy can be used to treat neurological conditions (e.g. acquired brain injury, spinal […]
Computer Assisted Cognitive Rehabilitation (CACR) is based on the principals of cognitive rehabilitation. Therapists use CACR to increase or improve your capacity to process and use incoming information. CACR can be used in a three-tier manner.
The tiers include:
Case Managers work with clients and their families to help plan, coordinate, and monitor services to ensure they are meeting a client’s needs.
Case Managers may also:
Clinical neuropsychology evaluates and treats the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral changes that may occur due to brain injury. Neuropsychologists consider how multiple factors contribute to a person’s current presentation. These factors include education, personality, and health history amongst other things.
The results of a neuropsychological evaluation can be […]
Occupational therapy (OT) focuses on improving people’s ability to complete everyday life activities (occupations). One goal of occupational therapy is to increase a person’s independence. Another goal is to increase a person’s satisfaction with their roles at home, school, work, and the community.
Your Occupational Therapist […]
Physical Therapy (PT) uses manual techniques to treat and manage injuries or chronic conditions. You may need Physical Therapy if you have difficulty moving and this limits your daily life. A Physical Therapist will teach you exercises and stretches to strengthen your muscles as well […]
Recovery Specialists work with clients who have substance misuse problems before and/or after their injury. These counselors work with you to help you overcome substance use issues. Substances that can be misused include alcohol, marijuana, opiates, cocaine, prescription drugs, nicotine, and more. The Recovery […]
A speech-language pathologist (SLP), also commonly known as a speech therapist, works with people of all ages, from infants to the elderly. They will work together with the other professionals within the rehabilitation and school setting to address your speech and […]
Behavior Analysis is the use of scientific principles to encourage positive behaviors and reduce problematic behaviors.
For example, behavioral analysis can help people: